AELITA ALEXEI TOLSTOI PDF
Aelita [Alexei Tolstoy] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Tolstoi published two science fiction novels, both of which appeared in the. Results 1 – 30 of 49 Aelita by Tolstoi, Alexei and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at Listen to Alexei Tolstoi – Aelita by peliades for free. Follow peliades to never miss another show.
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Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy Russian: During World War IIqelita served on an Extraordinary State Commission which “ascertained without reasonable doubt ” the mass extermination of people in gas vans by the German occupiers. His work in the investigation of atrocities committed in the Stavropol region was recognized by Soviet prosecutors during the Nuremberg Trials of Nazi war criminals.
His mother was a grand-niece of Decembrist Nikolay Turgenev and a relative of the renowned Russian writer Ivan Turgenev. His father belonged to the Tolstoy family of Russian nobles and was a remote relative of Leo Tolstoy. According to author and historian Nikolai Tolstoya distant relative:.
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy – Wikipedia
The circumstances of Alexei Tolstoy’s birth parallel in striking resemblance those of another relative, Alfxei Constantinovichthe great lyric poet, after whom he was named.
His father had been a rake—hell cavalry officer, whose rowdy excesses aellita too much even for his fellow hussars. He was obliged to leave his regiment and the two capital cities, and retired to an estate in Samara, Russia. There he met and married Alexandra Leontievna Turgenev, a lively girl of good family, but slender means. She bore him two sons, Alexander and Mstislav, and a daughter Elizabeth. But the wild blood of the Tolstoys did not allow him to settle down to an existing domestic harmony.
Within a year the retired hussar had been exiled to Kostroma for insulting the Governor of Samara. When strings were eventually pulled to arrange his return, he celebrated it by provoking a fellow-noble to a duel. Alexandra fell in love with Alexei Appollonovich Tplstoi. In Mayalready two months pregnant with her fourth child, she fled into the arms of her lover. The Count threatened Bostrom with a revolver but was exculpated by the courts. The ecclesiastical court, in granting a divorce, ruled that the guilty wife should never be allowed to remarry.
In order to keep the expected baby, Alexandra was compelled to assert that it was Bostrom’s child. Ostracized by society and even, for some years, by her own parents, she left with her lover for Nikolaevskwhere he held a modest government post. Due in part to their rejection by both the Russian nobility and the ChurchAleksei Bostrom and Alexandra Tolstoy raised Aleksei in a staunchly atheistic and anti-monarchist environment.
Aleksei would insist in later years that they were also great admirers of the writings of Karl Marx and Georgi Plekhanov.
Even after learning the truth, he still considered Aleksey Bostrom his true father and refused ever to see Count Nikolai Tolstoy or his older siblings. As with so many Russian children at that time, little Alexei picked up his earliest education at home. There were lessons with his not over-strict tutor, his mother taught him to read and write, and his step-father read aloud to them in the evenings from the writings of Leo Tolstoy and Ivan Turgenev to both of whom Alexei was related through his parents.
His attention was perfunctory, and in his earliest years it was his imagination and dreams which absorbed his energy. His mother was an amateur writer and poetess of modest abilities but infectious enthusiasm. When he was ten, she urged Alexei to write stories. He did so, and both were delighted to find how easily prose flowed from his pen, despite his inattentiveness at formal instruction.
His mother’s encouragement bore swift fruit, and with every year his talent became more apparent. Inthe fourteen-year-old boy was sent to school, and in the following year he attended the high school in Samara. There he studied physics, chemistry, engineering, and other more practical subjects than he would have learned had he attended the aristocratic gymnasium. That he resented the unjust discrepancy is attested by his adoption of his true surname.
After his family sold their farm and moved to Samara, the family’s meagre finances were even further reduced. There were still benefits for Aleksei, however. It was the latter writer who awakened the most enthusiasm in him. With angry sweeps of his broom, he dispelled the dreary world of petit-bourgeois existence, and drew me into the world of the Great Man. InCount Nikolai Tolstoy died, having left his estranged son with an inheritance of 30, rubles and an ancient name.
According to biographers, this in itself is a testimony to Alexei’s paternity, as a Russian nobleman of the time would never have left such an inheritance to another man’s bastard.
Thanks to the unexpected legacy received from his real father, who had died abroad the previous year, Alexei was now able to take up further studies in St.
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy
Eager to join the exciting throng of student life, he enrolled in a coaching establishment outside the city. Overcoming his former lethargy, he was soon studying for thirteen hours a day. After the intensive work required to enter, he found life there easy. Attendance at lectures was not compulsory at any case, and increasing political unrest caused alternating student strikes aelta police closure to disrupt whatever work was in progress. Like most of his peers, he was hostile to the government and spent much time in heated political debates.
He was popular with the students, who elected him to their committees. He was essentially a liberal humanist at this impressionable stage of his life and thought Socialist promises too absurd for contemplation.
Alexei Tolstoi – Aelita by peliades | Mixcloud
In Junethe nineteen-year-old Aleksei married Julia Rozhansky — the daughter of a provincial doctor — who was also studying in St.
After several years of marriage, Aleksei travelled to DresdenGermany, where he met Sophia Dymshits, the sister of Leo Dymshits, qlexei friend and fellow student. Aleksei was instantly smitten and, desiring to protect his sister’s reputation, Leo Dymshits immediately fled with her back to St Petersburg. He also returned to St. Petersburg and began openly pursuing Sophia at her parents’ home. Although hopelessly in love, Sophia was well aware that they were both still married to other people.
Therefore, she suggested that Aleksei take a trip abroad with his wife before coming to a final decision. After a trip to Italy in the summer ofAleksei left his horrified wife and infant son and began a common law marriage with Sophia. Aleksei and Sophia took a “second honeymoon” in Kareliawhere the young Count wrote obsessively in a retreat they both christened “The Cat House”.
After returning to St. Petersburg from their love-nest, the young couple took the well trodden path to aeita Russian Mecca, Paris.
Whilst there, he heard from Julia that his three-year-old son had died of meningitisthe same dreadful scourge that had struck down his mother. Sophia claimed in a pious alesei memoir published in Moscow in that Alexei, ‘took the child’s death very much to heart.
The father, after all, made no attempt to visit his ailing son before his lonely end, nor did he return for the funeral though he did make another, business journey to Petersburg from Aeliya. As subsequent events were to show, he could evince extraordinary callousness toward individual members of the human race, whatever his broadly liberal viewpoint toward the species at large.
Within Paris’s Russian community, Toostoi eccentricities quickly caught the notice of other emigres. In Nikolai Tolstoy’s account:. Alexei was at pains to stress his Russian origin, appearing everywhere in a qlexei coat and hat. When spring arrived, he took to more resplendent garb, sporting a top hat and English frock coat.
He was beginning to relish the belated discovery that there were distinct advantages to being Count Alexei Tolstoy, now that he was among people who knew nothing of his humiliated upbringing. It was a happy time.
Russian poets and painters crowded Paris, and long and noisy sessions continued deep into the night at the restaurant La Closerie des Lilas. In August, he wrote to his stepfather that his continued success in writing had earned him extraordinary acclaim among the Paris Russians.
The only sour note was scarcely a fair one, ‘With such a name, he ought to do better. Aleksei and Sophia returned to Russia in the summer of and set up house in a flat along Nevsky Prospekt. By this time, Aleksei’s writings had earned the praise of Maxim Gorkywho urged his readers to, “look to the new Tolstoy,” for a powerful depiction of the collapse of the Russian provincial gentry.
Usually … Alexei Nikolaevich read them to me, avoiding the presence of visitors. But this time, he was so thrilled with his stories, and so proud of them, that he did not wait for the departure of our guest a waitress but came out of his study with the manuscript in his hands and straight into the dining room and, resting his elbows on the back of a chair, stood reading the story.
We both responded enthusiastically. The success of the “Trans-Volga” stories brought further financial stability to Aleksei and Sophia. After another journey to Paris and the birth of their daughter Mariana, the Tolstoy family began renting quarters in the Moscow palace of Prince Scherbatov.
As a successful writer, Aleksei and his “wife” were soon in demand at the homes of both titled nobles and newly-moneyed industrialists.
Despite these triumphs, the couple’s home life was entering on a troubled period. On holiday in the Crimea in the spring ofAlexei became greatly drawn to a young ballerina, Margarita Kandaurov. The break with Sophia was as abrupt as it had been with Julia. Out on a stroll, Alexei said significantly, ‘I feel that this winter you’re going to leave me. The baby Mariana was deposited with an aunt.
The outbreak of war in August caused Sophia to return to Russia, but though his seventeen-year-old ballerina soon left him, he and his mistress lived separate lives thereafter. Mariana, however, came to live with her father two years later. By December, Tolstoy had established himself with another mistress, Natalia Vasilievna Volkenstein, who was separated from her husband. They did not marry until after the February Revolutionas Natalia was unable to secure a divorce. At first despising the BolsheviksAleksei once vowed to put out the eyes of Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky if they fell into his hands.
As a result, he sided with the White Army during the civil war which followed the October Revolution. After the defeat of Wrangel ‘s Army inthe Tolstoys were evacuated from Odessa and settled in Paris as White emigres. The city was crowded with Russian refugees of every type and class. Princes and generals swept streets, waited on cafes and, if they were lucky, drove taxis.
The Tolstoys were no exception amid the general misery. Staying at first with friends, and later in a flat crowded with other Russians, they were totally dependent on what work Natalia could find as a seamstress.
Alexei was greatly depressed at this life of privation, which was not many degrees better than that which they had left Moscow to escape. He missed acutely the old life of ease and tolsroi. The Aelira had come at just the wrong moment. After years of struggle, he had begun to achieve artistic recognition and material success, while here he was worse off than he had been inwhen he had only a hundred rubles in the world.