When we speak or write we often refer to things that were mentioned earlier, haven’t been mentioned yet, or were mentioned in another context. Cataphoric Reference: A cataphoric reference unit refers to another unit that is introduced later on in the text/speech. To understand the unit refered to by a. Anaphoric and Cataphoric References. Anaphoric Reference. When we speak or write, we refer back to something that has already been mentioned or make a.

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Sounds like Swann alone. I found it interesting that Swan provided a possible explanation for my intuitive slight preference for this in OP’s context. It is true that I wrote refedence and analytical essays on a regular basis; this, however, did not satisfy my academic eagerness.

Even better, a firm opinion based on a personal prejudice that matches one’s own.

The book refers to Moby Dick. I want to refer back to “that Anaphoricc wrote critical and analytical essays”. It is likely that the OP’s sentence will be followed by something more on the new subject academic eagerness.

He was annoyed because it was closed. In contrast, Swan in Practical English Usage p does detect a slight difference: It also refers to something that both speakers know about perhaps the dinner.

Language Description: Anaphoric and Cataphoric References

Both the object and it refer back to a small box in the first sentence. He refers to Michael. Shoe 25k 4 36 Here are some examples of cataphoric reference: Here are some examples of exophoric reference: Some people dug tunnels; 2 others tried crashing through checkpoints with cars, trucks, or busses; 3 still others flew out in small airplanes or balloons.


Cataphoric referencewhich means a word in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand, subsequent words. Anaphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned earlier in the discourse. Then, since Swann’s book is for aanaphoric speakers, he must prefer for them to speak by rules that are different from the ones that native speakers use, which are xnd Huddleston and Pullum report. In general, which would you prefer for a position on evolution, or nuclear physics, or geology, or grammar: The object felt heavy in his hands.

Cataphoric vs Anaphoric References

A strange situation, indeed. What is cataphoric reference?

It’s true that this is used in referencw reference and that hardly ever; but they are also both widely used in anaphor, the basic difference then being that this is proximal, that distal. Sign up using Facebook.

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Post Your Answer Discard By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you regerence that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Exophoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something outside the discourse.

For many years, East German people devised 1 creative ways to sneak out of East Germany. The Xataphoric Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states: Post as a guest Name.


Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing –

They refers to cataphhoric people outside the discourse known to both speakers. Anaphoric reference often makes use of the definite article thebecause one of the functions of the definite article is to indicate that something has already been mentioned. Thus if we follow Swan, this is to be preferred to that in the context of the OP’s sentence.

It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on a regular basis; thathowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness.

Anaphoric reference means that a word refers back to another word for its meaning, previously mentioned words. A question on anaphoric and cataphoric references Ask Question. What is exophoric reference? He sat down at the table and took a small box from his pocket.

Thisas the more present or proximal pronoun, may also better convey the sense that what is being referred to is relevant in the present context for example, an application letter anaphoriic cv.

Sign up using Email and Password. This was a turning point in his career: Either word is possible, but this is better. Some desperate people tried scrambling over a barbed-wire fence or a wall. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.