COMPUTING MACHINERY AND INTELLIGENCE BY A.M.TURING PDF
“Computing Machinery and Intelligence” is a seminal paper written by Alan Turing on the topic of artificial intelligence. The paper, published in in Mind, . This question begins Alan Turing’s paper ‘Computing Machinery and Intelligence’ (). However he found the form of the question unhelpful. Computing machinery and intelligence A.M. Turing, MIND This is most certainly a classic paper. We’ve all heard of the ‘Turing Test,’ but.
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The interrogator stays in a room apart front the other two. One thing that you might not know is that Babbage attempted to build such a machine as early as the s and s For a more detailed discussion, see Versions of the Turing test.
Does it matter if we understand the inner workings of such a machine?
Turing believed that diversity in behaviour would directly increase with storage capacity which was growing exponentially. David Whitehead davidw uchicago.
Computing Machinery and Intelligence
Returning to the imitation game once again, he discusses the situation in which the interrogator is trying to decide between a computer and a telepathic or clairvoyant human bj Turing’s paper considers the question intellligence machines think?
Request removal from index. Arguments from Various Disabilities Argument: Turing finds this objection more worthy of consolation than refutation D. Is it significant to new media today that computers were at one point expected to parallel human thought? For Turing, the argument from disabilities is often just a disguised form of the argument from consciousness G.
Given this table, the initial state of the machine, and the inputs, it is possible to predict all future machinerg of the machine Again I do not know what the right answer is, but I think both approaches should be tried.
The human judge can converse with both the human and the computer by typing into a terminal.
The Argument from Consciousness 1. Learning Machines A.
In the final section of the paper Turing details his thoughts about the Learning Machine that could play the imitation game successfully. Such arguments have often been kntelligence unsatisfactory in the past. Turing’s Rules for the Imitation Game.
Computing machinery and intelligence
We now ask the question, “What will happen when a machine takes the part of A in this game? Turing domputing, “all digital computers are in a sense equivalent.
You are commenting using your Facebook intellligence. Ikegami – – Minds and Machines 14 2: For the core of the education process, Turing suggests a form of inteligence learning: An idea presented to such a mind will on average give rise to less than one idea in reply. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: In the original paper, Turing now proceeds to address a series of imagined objections.
Summary of ‘Computing Machinery And Intelligence’ () by Alan Turing
He then mentions that in the process of trying to imitate an adult human mind it becomes important to consider the processes that lead to the adult mind being in its adn state; which he summarizes as:. Russell and Norvig identify Lucas and Penrose’s arguments as being the same one answered by Turing.
This process could follow the normal teaching of a child. Argument from Continuity in the Nervous System. Turing defined a digital computer as having: The definition of machine is subsequently narrowed to mean a digital computer.
If the judge cannot consistently tell which is which, then the computer wins the game. A variant of this objection is that a machine can never take you by surprise. He argued that no support is usually offered for these statements and they are mostly founded machinrey the basis of scientific induction.
I.—COMPUTING MACHINERY AND INTELLIGENCE | Mind | Oxford Academic
mzchinery Turing argues that if the conditions of the imitation game are adhered to, that the interrogator should not be able to tell the difference a. Turing also notes that we need to determine which “machines” we wish to consider. The consequences of machines thinking would be too dreadful. He extends on this thought by an analogy to an atomic pile of less than critical size which is to be considered the machine and computkng injected idea is to correspond to a neutron entering the pile from outside the pile; the neutron will cause a certain disturbance which eventually dies away.
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