FLU BURUNG H5N1 PDF

Pedoman Tata Laksana Klinis Flu Burung (H5N1) di. Rumah Sakit (AI Clinical Case Management Guideline for. Hospital). This Guideline serves as the primary . Pedoman Tata Laksana Klinis Flu Burung (H5N1) di Rumah Sakit (AI Clinical Case Management Guideline for Hospital). This Guideline serves as the primary . Petunjuk Umum Pencegahan Flu Burung (H5N1) Pada Unggas Dan Manuisa ( Risk Reduction Behaviors). Produced under the CBAIC project, this booklet.

Author: Fenrigore Kagagor
Country: Nepal
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Environment
Published (Last): 18 December 2013
Pages: 243
PDF File Size: 3.22 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.87 Mb
ISBN: 366-3-86757-912-5
Downloads: 84083
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Visar

To confirm inactivation, the absence of infectivity after the inactivation of the H5N1 virus within the embryonated chicken eggs must be shown. HPAI A H5N1 is considered an avian disease, although there is some evidence of limited human-to-human transmission of the virus. December 12, Content source: Normally, a highly pathogenic avian virus is not highly pathogenic to either humans or nonpoultry birds.

The only concern about it is that it is possible for it to be transmitted to poultry and in poultry mutate into a highly pathogenic strain. Clinical signs of H5N1 in birds range from mild – decrease in egg production, nasal discharge, coughing and sneezing – to severe, including loss of coordination, energy, and appetite; soft-shelled or misshapen eggs; purple discoloration of the wattles, head, eyelids, combs, and hocks; and diarrhea.

In MayNorth Korea confirmed a H5N1 bird ubrung outbreak that forced authorities to kill overducks in Pyongyang. Influenza A H5N1 virus, has spread to several countries fflu the world and has a high mortality rate.

Antigenic Variation in H5N1 clade 2.1 Viruses in Indonesia From 2005 to 2011

Comprehensive research is required to determine the characteristics of the H5N1 antigenic virus that infects human beings in Indonesia, as well as to determine the changes in the antigenicity of the H5N1 burng. Research has shown that a highly contagious strain of H5N1, one that might allow airborne transmission ubrung mammals, can be reached in only a few mutations, raising concerns about a pandemic and bioterrorism.

  BAKHTIN BILDUNGSROMAN PDF

Cross-reactive antibodies The 21 rabbits that were immunized with the seven strains of the virus all demonstrated a strong immune response.

Says Bird Flu Awareness Increases”.

Of particular concern is elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-alphaa protein associated with tissue destruction at sites of infection and increased production of other cytokines.

Therefore, USDA now tracks these detections in wild birds, backyard flocks, commercial flocks and live bird markets. Discussions Infection of avian influenza A H5N1 in Indonesia and some other countries in the world has fllu high rate of human mortality. H5N1 is easily transmissible between birds, facilitating a potential global spread of H5N1.

There are several H5N1 vaccines for several of the avian H5N1 varieties, but the continual mutation of H5N1 renders them of limited use to date: Avian influenza H5N1 transmission in households, Indonesia.

Support Center Support Center. H5N1 as an avian virus preferentially binds to a type of galactose receptors that populate the avian respiratory tract from the nose to the lungs and are virtually absent in humans, occurring only in and around the alveolistructures deep in the lungs where oxygen is passed to the blood. Too much or not enough?

In one case, a boy with H5N1 experienced diarrhea followed rapidly by a coma without developing respiratory or flu-like symptoms. For antigenic drift, there is concern that the antibodies against the virus subtype which was previously circulating will not cross-react with a new virus subtype.

Asian H5N1 vaccine is u5n1 stockpiled for pandemic preparedness by the United States government. It facilitates the release of progeny viruses from infected cells.

Since its widespread re-emergence inrare, sporadic human infections with this virus have been reported in Asia, and later in Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. These new isolates caused acute disease, including severe neurological dysfunction and death in ducks.

  DECOMPRESSIVE CRANIECTOMY IN DIFFUSE TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY PDF

Influenza A virus subtype H5N1

Food and Drug Administration. These data indicate that all anti-H5 antibodies can cross-react with the Bhrung virus strains used in this study. The avian influenza hemagglutinin binds alpha sialic acid receptors, while human influenza hemagglutinins bind alpha sialic acid receptors. While H5N1 undergoes mutation and reassortment, creating variations which can infect species not previously known to carry the virus, not all of these variant forms can infect humans.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to H5N1. To receive weekly email updates about Seasonal Flu, enter your email address: Amino acids in red font indicate the variations in the HA sequence of the H5N1 viruses compared with the reference sequence. In Indonesia, the H5N1 virus is endemic in poultry and in humans, and it is a member of clade 2. Key Actions to Date”.

Highly Pathogenic Asian Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus | Avian Influenza (Flu)

Many references to “bird flu” and H5N1 in the popular media refer to this strain. Meanwhile, the virus has evolved into several clades. The seven viruses used in this research are from clade 2. Several H5N1 vaccines have been developed and approved, and stockpiled by a number of countries, including the United States in its National Stockpile[6] [7] Britain, France, Canada, and Australia, for use in an emergency. It groups in a single place for stakeholders interested by this important zoonotic disease, all immediate notifications and follow-ups reports notified by OIE Member Countries on highly pathogenic avian influenza due to H5 and H7 serotypes.