Mohammed and Charlemagne [Henri Pirenne] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Reprint of Edition. Full facsimile of the original. Mohammed and Charlemagne has ratings and 31 reviews. Katie said: In Mohammed and Charlemagne, Henri Pirenne makes a really interesting. MOHAMMED AND CHARLEMAGNE by HENRI PIRENNE Member of the Acad6mie Royale de Belgique. Associate of the Acad&nie des Inscriptions et Belles.

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Pirenne is also dissatisfied with the common view among scholars that the Carolingian era was merely a continuation of the Frankish epoch. The monarchy was evolving in the direction of the Byzantine system.

Mohammed and Charlemagne

It is the outcome of thirty-five years of research, “the synthesis of all he knew, ripened in meditation. The Franks, on the other hand, refrained from intervention in Italy.

It became instead what Pirenne refers to as “a Musulman lake,” thereby causing “the axis of life [to shift] northwards from the Mediterranean” for the first time in history. My father, however, returning again and again to Ins study of the available sources, had never ceased to examine this problem, which was the great scientific interest of the last twenty years of his life.

Moreover, pirenhe the consti- tution of society was predominantly agrarian, it was not exclusively so. And how could it have been otherwise, when the example was set them by their superiors?

They could serve— as they did, for example, among the Visigoths— as a useful counterweight against the lay aristocracy.

It is at the same time a romantic theory, and a dogma among certain Germanic historians. Instead, the Muslim conquest of north Africa made the Mediterranean a barrier, cutting western Europe off from the east, enabling the Carolingians, especially Charlemagneto create a new, distinctly western form of government. It stands as a monumental intellectual achievement. He does not see that his attitude, and even more so that of his successors, was purely defensive. In this thoroughly Romanized kingdom the Burgundi and the Romans had the same juridical status: He asked nothing better than to conclude peace, if Justinian would agree that he should pay tribute to the Emperor and furnish military service.

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Mohammed and Charlemagne by Henri Pirenne

The big change, according to Pirenne, came with the rapid spread of Islam around the Mediterranean basin. This gave Pirenne’s work a unique perspective. Gregory of tours, Liber Vitae Patrum, circa u, ed.

The key to the mohajmed is not that the Germanic tribes were fully absorbed, but that there was no essential change in the structure and culture of the empire, nor any significant decline of economy. But Justinian had not abandoned Italy. Here too there were Counts in each city, the provinces having disappeared.

The Gothic garrisons took the oath of fidelity to their new king; and Belisarius, having completed his mission, was recalled by the Emperor. It included the Imperial domain, the forests, the waste lands, the mines, the ports, and the highways, and there 1 Cf.

henri pirenne mohammed charlemagne

There is no sign as yet of the closed economy of the mediaeval curtes. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. However, they preserved as much of the old Roman institutions as they were able, and they were not lacking in good- will Their state was more barbarous, but it was not more Ger- manic, 2 Here again the organization of the taxes 3 and of the currency was retained.

He argues that fundamentally the Germanic peoples had little desire to destroy the empire, but much preferred to just have a share of the benefits. The West, at this moment, was in a desperate condition. The Pirenne Thesis is one which has been much debated since this book was first published as Mahomet et Charlemagne in the s.


The fact is that on the morrow of the invasion the laity, as we shall presently see, was still educated, 2 The profane Merovingian State was therefore very definitely unlike the religious Carolingian State. While it seems to have been completely effaced in Tongres, Tournai and Arras, there were still Christians— that is, Romans— in Cologne and Treves. It is a convenient theory.

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They are fond of citing Salvian and his comparison of the moral decadence of the Romans with the virtues of the Barbarians. He certainly allows some changes including a degree of self-governance and economic independence.

The merchants had their clerks, mercenarii Utter atu Masses of papyrus must have been required by those who kept the registers of the fisc, by the notaries of the tribunals, by private correspondents, and by the monasteries. Thus the Lombards could withdrawn more and more from Rome.

As well as these Syrians, the Jews were to be found in all the cities, living in small communities. Brilliant and controversial, this volume garnered these words of praise from the critics: In Spain, too, there were Jews in Merida, and the bishop received them on an equal footing with the Christians. He states no less that that the Goths, Vandals, Lombards and Franks who indundated most annd Western Rome, beside sacking the odd city like Rome, did not actually displace Rome.